Post: Gir National Park | History, Asiatic Lions, Wildlife & Safari Tours

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Husain, the passionate author behind Biology2Minutes, shares his expertise, love for biology, and dedication to providing informative and engaging content.


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Gir National Park | History, Asiatic Lions, Wildlife & Safari Tours

Gir National Park is a renowned Wildlife sanctuary located in the Western Indian State of Gujarat. Gir National Park was Established in 1965. The only natural habitat of the Asiatic Lion, a critically endangered species. When Lions had become extinct in the whole of Asia, they were present only here. Tourists come here to see the Asiatic Lion and visit the Forest.

Location & Area

Gir National Park is located in the Indian state of Gujarat. This park is spread in districts Junagarh, Amreli, Porbandar, Gir Somnath. It spread an area of approximately 1,412 square kilometers (545 square miles).  There are 2 gates to enter this forest which is divided into 13 paths.


The history of Gir National Park dates back to ancient times. Its entire area earlier came under the princely state of Junagadh. Lions in India were present in many states of the country in the 18th century. But their hunting started increasing rapidly or they remained only in Gujarat. The entire area of Gir National Park earlier came under the princely state of Junagadh. Hunting of lions started taking place mostly in these princely states. Due to hunting, the number of lions had become negligible, then the Nawab imposed a ban on hunting in his princely state and steps were taken for their safety. Then when this princely state ended, this forest is under the supervision of the Forest Department by the government and in 1965 it was declared a National Park.

Asiatic Lions

Lions have become extinct throughout Asia and are left only in Gir National Park in India. Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African continent lions. If there is a lion anywhere after the Africa continent, it is here. Gir National Park is famous for its population of Asiatic lions (Panthera leo persica). It’s the last refuge of these majestic big cats, and efforts have been made to conserve and protect this critically endangered species. The lion population has been steadily increasing in recent years due to conservation efforts. According to the 2020 survey, the population of lions has increased to more than 670.


Apart from lions, Gir National Park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including leopards, Indian spotted deer (chital), sambar deer, chinkara (Indian gazelle), and numerous bird species. The Forest is home to over 300 bird species, making it a great destination for bird watching. Some notable bird species found here include the Indian peafowl, paradise flycatcher, and crested serpent eagle. The diverse flora of the park includes teak, jamun, acacia, and many other species. The park also houses a crocodile breeding center where you can see marsh crocodiles and various species of turtles.

Safari Tours

Visitors can explore the park through guided safari tours. Jeep safaris and lion tracking excursions are popular activities that allow visitors to get up close to the wildlife in their natural habitat. These safaris are conducted in specific zones of the park. Timings for safari in Gir National Park are 6 to 9 am, 9 to 12 noon and 3 to 6 pm. To book safari, there is online or offline permit which is online website

Best Time to Visit and Accommodation Facilities

Gir National Park is open from mid-October to mid-June, with the best time to visit being from December to March when the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are more common. This forest remains closed during monsoon. There are various accommodations available in and around the Forest ranging from luxury resorts to budget-friendly options, making it accessible to a wide range of travelers. You can also book it online.


Conservation efforts in Gir National Park have been successful in protecting the Asiatic lion population. The park has become a symbol of successful wildlife conservation in India. When there is drought in the forest, the forest department arranges water which is sent to the forest areas through tankers. There is a Kamleshwar Dam here, its work started in 1960 and was completed in 1964. There are 54 villages in Gir National Park, which are very small villages. Most of the people of Maldhari Samiti live in these villages, who graze their cattle and do milk business and also take care of the forest.


Husain, the passionate author behind Biology2Minutes, shares his expertise, love for biology, and dedication to providing informative and engaging content.

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